Biography

Joshua Chamberlain Age, Death, War Hero, Wife, Descendant, Medals

Joshua Chamberlain age

Anyone who has read the Civil War history of Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg will definitely remember the man who made it possible, Army Maj, Gen, Joshua Chamberlain. He played a significant role in the Union, winning on July 2, 1863, which eventually earned him a Medal of Honor.

Joshua Chamberlain
Joshua Chamberlain with his team

Later he was promoted to the brigadier general and worked as a Governor of Maine and President of Bowdoin College. Similarly, he became the 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment in 1862 and fought at the Battle of Fredericksburg.

A hero and man of honor, Joshua has contributed a lot to American history. In this article, we will talk briefly about this man. Let’s take a closer look at some quick facts to know better about him.

Some Quick Facts About Joshua Chamberlain

Full Name Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Horoscope Virgo
Date of Birth September 8, 1828
Marital Status Married
Birthplace Brewer, Maine
Ethnicity White
Profession Professor
Nationality American
Hair color Black
Eye color Not Given
Build Tall
Height Not Given
Weight Not Given
Wife Frances Caroline Fanny Chamberlain
Online Presence None
Net Worth Not Given

Who Is Joshua Chamberlain?- Parents

Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, aka Lawrence Joshua Chamberlain, was born in Brewer, Maine. He was born to his father, Joshua Chamberlain, and mother, Sarah Dupee. His family was of English ancestry and was active in the twelfth century of England during the rule of King Stephen.

Chamberlain’s family was involved in military work as his great grandfather Ebenezer was a New Hamshire soldier who fought in American Revolutionary War and the French and Indian War. His father worked as a shipbuilder and was a colonel in the War of 1812. Later his father served in the Aroostook War as a lieutenant colonel.

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Joshua was the eldest member of his family with four other siblings. His mother dreamt of him becoming a minister while his father passed down his military skill. In 1840 he became part of the Congregational Church in Brewer and enrolled in Major Whiting’s military academy in Ellsworth Chamberlain.

During that time, he learned Greek and studied at Bowdoin College in 1848. Eventually, he became a member of Alpha Delta Phi, Phi Beta Kappa, and Peucian Society. In 1952 Joshua received his graduation and went to Bangor Theological Seminary. Apart from Greek, this man is fluent in French, Hebrew, Syriac, German, and Arabic.

When Was Joshua Chamberlain Born? When Did He Die?- Cause of Death

This 32nd Governor of Maine was born on September 8, 1828. Previously a rebel shot bounced back and slammed his right hip. He bulleted, shattered several parts of his pelvis and ripped vessels, muscles, and went through his bladder and settled below the skin on his left hip.

Surprisingly he managed to stay on his feet but later bled tremendously and fell on the ground. He thought that this was it and gave farewells to few men in his group at camp. A part of him told that he would not be here and this will be his last. He was taken to a hospital three miles away in a stretcher.

Joshua Chamberlain
Joshua Chamberlain died at the age of 85

Surgeons were convinced that he would not make it. They sedated him with chloroform, morphine but his consciousness was intact. Surprisingly he was taken to the Naval Academy Hospital in Annapolis, where he spent decades fighting the death.

In addition to this, Dr. Vanderkieft took a chance and inserted an L-shaped catheter in Joshua’s urethra in the hope of healing the pelvis. The treatment was severe as He suffered from unspeakable pain and sickness, but Chamberlain refused to die.

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Joshua’s struggles to continue living went on for more than fifty years. Due to another urosepsis episode in 1914, Chamberlain peacefully died at the age of 85. His body remains at Pine Grove Cemetry in Brunswick Mane.

However, it is obvious that his death was not in vain. Due to several trials and errors run by Civil War surgeons like Dr. Bernard Vanderkeift to Joshua Chamberlain, catheter treatment was advanced in the medical history. At present, this problem is easily solved by professionals.

Who Is The Wife of Joshua Chamberlain?- Descendants

Joshua and Frances Caroline Fanny Chamberlain met for the first time in Bowdoin College in 1849 and took a lot of time to date her. Similarly, her father thought that Joshua was not good enough for Fanny. Despite all this, they decided to share rings in 1952.

Joshua Chamberlain wife
Joshua Chamberlain with his wife

On the auspicious day of 7 December 1855, this veteran walked down the aisle with beautiful Fanny. They started their family in a rented room. Luckily in October 1856, they were blessed with their first daughter named Grace Dupee or Daisy. In November, she had labored with three months premature son.

A year later, Fanny gave birth to Harold Wyllys, who grew up strong and healthy. Other than this, they had two daughters; Emily Stelle was born in 1860, while Gertrude Lorraine was born in 1865. However, the kid suffered from scarlet fever and could not make it.

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In contrast, His first son Harry died at the age of 69 in 1928, and his daughter died in 1937. Not to mention Frances died in 1905.

Contribution in Civil War Service

  • Joshua’s family was involved in wars dated back to American Revolution, and when the Civil War broke in 1861, he wanted to serve his county. However, Union College Administrators forced him to continue his studies, but he eventually denied it and joined the army.
  • In 1862, Joshua got promoted as lieutenant colonel of the 20th Maine Infantry. The regiment had limited action at the battle of Antietam in Chancellorsville, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Virginia for some months.
  • In May 1862, he was promoted to colonel and commanded infantry unit. In the Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, his work took his fame and honor to a whole new level.
  • On July 2, 1863, the regiment was ordered to cover up to two hills, Big and Little Round Top. Their motive was to hold the left flank of the Union line; otherwise, the entire Union position would have been jeopardized.
  • They were prepared in a defensive position, and they managed to tackle six times the enemy. They were very low on ammunition, and the regiment was unable to withstand the seventh barrage.
  • Joshua ordered 20th Maine Infantry to go on the offensive side. They charged the Little Round Top, drew bayonets, and captured the hundreds of enemy soldiers.
  • Due to their charge at the right moment, the Union’s line was saved, and they added a victory in the Union’s favor.

Medals and Recognition

  • The United States of America president presented him with a Medal of Honor to Joshua for his extraordinary heroism and great tenacity at Gettysburg on 2 July 1863.
  • Currently, his Medal of Honor is safe in Pejepscot Historical Society which also operates the Joshua L. Chamberlain Museum located in Bowdoin Collge.
  • Furthermore, an anonymous donor found the medal in the back of a book he had bought in the church sale. That Church had been provided with the estate of Rosamond Allen.

Career

  • In 1966 Chamberlain was nicknamed “Lion of Little Round Top.”
  • In June 1964, he commanded a brigade at Petersburg, Virginia, where he had a serious injury in his hip and groin. However, he survived and continued battling in November 1864 as a brigadier general.
  • After the war was over, Joshua received the Confederate surrender of arms at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia.
  • In 1866 Chamberlain left the army and returned to his hometown. There he continued his journey in the military and became a major general in the Maine National Guard.
  • From 1871 to 1883, Joshua became the president of Bowdoin College. After that, he spent his last decades writing and speaking about Civil War.

Facts

  • His mother was religious.
  • During his early time, Joshua used to work in a brickyard and the timber industry. Later he got into teaching.
  • Joshua is multi-lingual and can fluently speak Greek, rhetoric, Latin, French, Hebrew, Syriac, German, and Arabic.
  • To serve his country, Joshua often left her wife alone, which made their relationship sour.
  • Although Fanny was having another child, she nursed Joshua for three months in Annapolis, Maryland.
  • When Fanny died on October 18, 1905, Joshua did not visit her as he worked in Portland, Maine. On the back of her gravestone, the word Unveiled is written along with her demise date.
  • Joshua had four kids among them; only two of them survived.
  • Once, he was elected four times to become the state’s governor.
  • Joshua was the last Civil War veteran to die because of the wounds from the war.
  • He was named after James Lawrence

Some Frequently asked questions about Joshua Chamberlain

  • When Was Joshua Chamberlain Born?

He was born on 8 September 1828.

  • When Did Joshua Chamberlain Die?

He died on 24 February 1914.

  • Who Is The Wife of Joshua Chamberlain?

Joshua Chamberlain was married to Fanny Chamberlain

  • How Many Kids Did Joshua Chamberlain have?

Joshua Chamberlain had five kids.

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